Eustatie al Antiohiei
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Cel întru sfinți părintele nostru Eustatie a fost arhiepiscop al Antiohiei în timpul disputelor legate de arianism din prima jumătate a secolului al IV-lea. A fost un apărător hotărât al învățăturii ortodoxe de la Sinodul I Ecumenic de la Niceea (325). Prăznuirea sa în Biserica Ortodoxă se face la 21 februarie.
Eustathius was born in Side, Pamphylia about the year 270. Little is known of his early life. He became episcop of Beroea (modern Aleppo), in Syria, about 320. In 325, he was elevated to Bishop of Antioch by the fathers of the First Ecumenical Council. St. Eustathius was a learned theologian who also had a broad knowledge of secular sciences.
He participated in the First Ecumenical Council in Nicea in 325 and was among the first to preside during the council. He was prominent among the opponents of Arius and Arianism and zealously fought for the purity of of the Orthodox faith. He continued his battle against the Arians after the council. He refused to welcome any Arian priests into his diocese and conducted a continuous literary attack on them, thus, incurring the hated of the Arians, including Eusebiu de Cezareea and Eusebiu de Nicomidia.
In 331, his Arian opponents convinced him to convene a council in Antioch where his enemies, through use of suborned witnesses, accused Eustathius of Sabellianism and adultery . Immediately the Arians deposed him without trial, in violation of the Apostolic Rule that accusations against the clergy must be substantiated by two witnesses. He was exiled to Trajanopolis in Thrace, even though the woman who accused him of adultery came forward and confessed her sin before the clergy and the people.
Although the people of Antioch, who loved and revered him, were indignant over his treatment, Eustathius restrained them and called on them to remain true to the Orthodox faith, as he was accompanied into exile by a large group of his loyal clergy.
St. Eustathius continued his struggle against the Arians with the same zeal while in exile. He reposed in Thrace in 337. In 482, his relics were translated from Thrace to Antioch, to the great joy of the people of Antioch.
- Philostorgoius, in Photius, "Epitome of the Ecclesiastical History of Philostorgoius". book 2, chapter 7.
Eustatie al Antiohiei
|Episcop de Bereea
Paulin al Antiohiei
|Arhiepiscop de Antiohia