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Located near the eastern end of the Sea of Marmara on what is now Lake Iznik, Nicea was built on the site that was originally called Ancore/ Helicore. A town called Antigoneia was built on this site late in the fourth century before [[Christ]] by the Macadonian king Antigonus I Monophthalmus, who had been one of Alexander the Great’s generals. There are two version of how Nicea received its name. In one story the town later came under the control of Lysimachus who rename the town Nicea after his wife. In another account it was founded by Alexander’s men from Nicea near Thermopylae.
In 1331, the Ottoman Turks captured Nicea, again renamed the city Iznik. After the Turks captured Constantinople in 1453, the prosperity of the city fell under the competition from Turkish Constantinople.
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C4%B0znik Wikipedia: Iznik]