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'''Constans al II-lea''' (greacă: Κώνστας Β', Kōnstas II), numit şi "Constantin Bărbosul" (gr. Kōnstantinos Pogonatos),
was the Roman ( Byzantine) emperor from 641 to 668. He attempted to force unity within the Church through an edict, the ''[[ Typos]]'', that forbade argument about the [[ heresy]] of [[ Monothelitism]] and the controversial question of the divine and human natures of [[ Christ]].
II was born on [[ November 7]] , 630, the son of Constantine III ( also Heraclius Constantine) and Gregoria and the grandson of [[ Heraclius]] I. He was baptized Flavius Heraclius and ruled as Constantine, but Byzantine writers called him Constans. He married Fausta, by whom he had three sons: [[ Constantine the New| Constantine IV]], Heraclius, and Tiberius. The Heraclian dynasty were supporters of Monothelitism.
The Byzantines withdrew from Egypt in 642, although the Byzantine fleet re-occupied Alexandria in 645 for a short time. By 647, the Arab forces had entered Armenia and Cappadocia. In 648, the Arabs entered Phrygia and began maritime attacks on Crete. By 651, Constans entered into negotiations with the Caliphate that resulted in a short term of peace, until 655. The Arabs then renewed their attacks and were preparing to attack Constantinople. The planned attack, however, did not take place as the newly formed Sunni and Shi'a factions within Islam broke into civil war. By 659, Constans was able to reassert Byzantine rule over the Slavs in the Balkans and and conclude peace with the Arabs.
List of Byzantine Emperors| Byzantine Emperor]]|
după=[[Constantin cel Nou|Constantin al IV-lea]]}}
Category:Împăraţi şi regi]][[ Category:Eretici]]