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Marcion din Sinope

99 de octeți adăugați, 14 ianuarie 2011 22:05
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'''Marcion din Sinope''' (cca. 110-160) a fost un [[eretic]] din secolul al II-lea. Sistemul lui de învăţături, cunoscut sub numele de [[marcionism]], a fost condamnat de Biserică ca [[erezie]].
== Istorie Biografie==Marcion was s-a native of născut în Sinope , oraş din provincia romană Asia Minor (modern actualmente Sinop, Turkeyîn Turcia), in Pontus, Asia Minor. He was a wealthy shipownerA devenit un armator înstărit. According to StConform celor scrise de Sf. mucenic Ipolit, papă al Romei, chiar tatăl lui Marcion, care era [[Hippolytus of Romeepiscop]], he was the son of l-a [[bishop]] who [[excommunication|excommunicated]] him on grounds of immoralityexcomunicat pe motive de imoralitate. He eventually found his way to Rome După aceasta, Marcion a plecat la Roma (ca. în anul 140) and became , unde a major financial supporter of the Church theredevenit un susţinător financiar important al Bisericii de acolo.  
In the next few years after his arrival in Rome, he worked out his theological system and began to organize his followers into a separate community. He was excommunicated by the [[Church of Rome|Church at Rome]] in 144. From then on, he apparently used Rome as a base of operations, devoting his gift for organization and considerable wealth to the propagation of his teachings and the establishment of compact communities throughout the [[Roman Empire]], making converts of every age, rank and background.
A story told by [[Tertulian]] and St. [[Irineu de Lyon]] says that Marcion attempted to use his money to influence the Church to endorse his teaching, but was refused. His numerous critics throughout the Church include the aforementioned, along with St. [[Iustin Martirul]], St. [[Efrem Sirul]], [[Dionysius of Corinth]], [[Theophilus of Antioch]], [[Philip of Gortyna]], St. [[Hippolytus of Rome|Hippolytus]] and [[Rhodo]] in Rome, [[Bardesanes]] at Edessa, [[Clement al Alexandriei]], and [[Origen]].
== Învăţături Învăţăturile eretice ale lui Marcion==
Marcion's teaching, known as [[Marcionism]], was that [[Iisus]] revealed to the world a hitherto unknown god, who was different from the god of the [[Vechiul Testament|Hebrew Bible]]. According to Marcion, the god of the Hebrew Bible was jealous, wrathful, and legalistic. The material world he created was defective, a place of suffering; the god who made such a world was the bungling or malicious [[demiurge]]. Jesus was not the [[Mesia]] promised by [[Judaism]]; that Messiah was to be a conqueror and a political leader. Rather, Jesus was sent by a god greater than the Creator. His role was to reveal the transcendent god of light and pure mind, different in character from the creator god of the Hebrew Bible. Jesus's god was free from passion and wrath, wholly benevolent; and Jesus was sent to lead believers out of subjection to the limited, wrathful creator god of the [[Old Testament]].
His writings have all been lost, but it is possible to reconstruct and deduce a large part of what he taught based on what other writers said concerning him, especially [[Tertullian]]. He was also known to have imposed a severe morality on his followers, some of whom suffered in the general persecutions of Christians.
 
==Surse==
''The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3rd ed.)'', pp. 1033-34
==Legături externe==
* [http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Ithaca/3827/ Center for Marcionite Research]
==Surse==
''The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3rd ed.)'', pp. 1033-34
[[CategoryCategorie:Eretici]]
[[el:Μαρκίων]]
[[en:Marcion]]
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