Vitalian al Romei: Diferență între versiuni

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(Pagină nouă: {{Traducere EN}}Cel întru sfinți papa '''Vitalian al Romei''' a fost papă al Bisericii Romei între anii 657 și 672. Papa Vitalian i-a urmat papei [[Euge...)
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Versiunea de la data 18 septembrie 2014 22:12

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Cel întru sfinți papa Vitalian al Romei a fost papă al Bisericii Romei între anii 657 și 672. Papa Vitalian i-a urmat papei Eugen I al Romei, care s-a opus cu putere Typos-lui împăratului Constans al II-lea, care interzicea polemica în privinţa ereziei monotelitismului, chestiune pe care papa Vitalie a tratat-o cu diplomație. Prăznuirea sa în Biserica Ortodoxă se face la data de 23 iulie.


Pope Vitalian was born in Segni in Campagna, part of the Duchy of Rome, at an unknown date. His father's name was Anastasius. Otherwise, nothing is known of his life before his elevation to the cathedra of Rome.

After his election, Vitalian was consecrated and enthroned on 30 iulie, 657. Coming to the see of Rome in the middle of the monothelite controversy, Vitalian sought to restore relations with emperor Constans II and Patriarch Peter of Constantinople by avoiding condemnation of Constans' Typos. In his replies, Patr. Peter appeared to express the same opinion as that of Vitalian. Thus, ecclesiastical relations between Rome and Constantinople were restored. When Constans visited Rome in 663, he was also received cordially. When he departed, however, he took with him a large number of bronze works of art, taking even the bronze tiles from the roof of the Pantheon that had been dedicated to Christian worship. After Constans was assassinated in 668, his son Constantine IV, who succeeded to the imperial throne with the support of Vitalian, was not inclined to aggressively enforce the monothelite Typos.

His policies in England were more cordial. Supporting the desires of the English after the acceptance of the Roman practices in regard to the keeping of Pascha and the shape of the tonsure during the Synod of Whitby, Vitalian consecrated Theodore of Tarsus, an educated monk who understood both Latin and Greek, on 26 martie, 668 as Archbishop of Canterbury. In England, Theodore was recognized as head of the Church of England by both the Saxon and British clergy that led to Vitalian conferring on Theodore all the privileges that had been granted to Archbishop Augustine by Gregory the Dialogist.

Pope Vitalian died on 27 ianuarie, 672 and was buried at St Peter's Cathedral.

Casetă de succesiune:
Vitalian al Romei
Precedat de:
Eugen I
Papă al Romei
Urmat de:
Adeodat al II-lea


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