Cel întru sfinți cuviosul Teofan Mărturisitorul, numit și Teofan Graptul a fost episcop de Niceea. A fost fratele mai tânăr al sfântului Teodor Mărturisitorul (prăznuit la 27 decembrie), și un cunoscut imnograf. Prăznuirea lui în Biserica Ortodoxă se face la 11 octombrie.
The brothers received an excellent education and were particularly involved in philosophy. Striving towards the knowledge of God, they settled in the Lavra of St. Sava. Here St. Theophanes was tonsured, and later became a hieromonk.
The holy brothers were famed as advocates of icon veneration. They boldly fulfilled the mission entrusted them by the Patriarch of Jerusalem and went to Constantinople to denounce the iconoclast emperor Leo the Armenian (813-820). Afterwards, they also denounced the iconoclast emperors Michael Balbos (820-829) and Theophilus (829-842).
The saints had to endure imprisonment, hunger, even torture. The emperor Theophilus gave orders to inscribe a phrase insulting to the glorious confessors upon their faces with red-hot needles. Therefore, they are called "Branded." "Write whatever you wish, but at the Last Judgment you shall read your own writing," said the agonized brothers to the emperor. They sent Theodore to prison, where also he died (+ 833), but Theophanes was sent into exile. With the restoration of icon veneration, St. Theophanes was returned from exile and consecrated Bishop of Nicea. The saint wrote about 150 canons, among which is a beautiful canon in defense of holy icons. He died peacefully around the year 850.
- Theophanes the Confessor, Bishop of Nicaea (GOARCH)
- The Venerable Theophanes the Branded (Prologue of Ohrid)
- Graptos (gr.) în limba greacă înseamnă „înscrisul”, pentru că a fost înscris cu fierul roșu în timpul mărturisirii lui.