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307 octeți șterși, 28 iulie 2007 12:55
Liturgical
**Slavic metropolitans wear a white klobuk [http://www.oca.org/Images/HolySynod/portraits/met.theo.jpg], with Archbishops having a cross on their klobuk [http://ocaphoto.oca.org/filetmp/2005/May/1001/Detail/DSC_0002.jpg]; Greek bishops generally do not have these distinctions.
===LiturgicalVeşminte liturgice===For the Pentru [[deacondiacon]]:*[[SticharionStihar]]: this is actually a form of the garment worn at baptism, but is ornate (usually a heavy brocade)*[[OrarionOrar]]: the stole, worn over the left shoulder; deacons may be given the double orarion as an award, which is worn over the left shoulder, wrapped around the chest and back, and brought back over the left shoulder to the front; in Greek practice, all deacons wear the double orarion*[[EpimanikiaMânecuţe]]: cuffs bound with laces; for the deacon, they are worn under the sticharion
For the Pentru [[priestpreot]]:*[[Pectoral crossCruce pectorală]] (if blessed to wear it)*[[SticharionStihar]]: the priest's sticharion is usually white, and of a lighter material than the deacon's*[[EpimanikiaMânecuţe]]: same as the deacon's, except the priest wears his over the sticharion*[[EpitrachelionEpitrahil]]: the priestly stole, worn around the neck*[[ZoneBrâu]]: cloth belt worn over the epitrachelion*[[PhelonionFelon]] - large conical sleeveless garment worn over all other vestments, with the front largely cut away to facilitate the priest's movements
*[[Nabedrennik]]: from the Slavic traditions; a stiffened square cloth worn on the left side via a long loop of cloth placed over the right shoulder (if the epigonation/palitsa has also been awarded, the nabedrennik is worn on the left side); this is a clergy award, so it is not worn by all priests
*[[Epigonation]]/Palitsa: like the nabedrennik, except it is diamond-shaped and always worn on the right side (loop over the left shoulder); also a clergy award; in Byzantine practice, denotes a priest blessed to hear confessions
*[[Miter]]: not like the Roman miter, it is very much like a crown, and is adorned with icons; this is a clergy award for priests in the Russian tradition; the priestly mitre does not have a cross on its top; Russian practice allows the award of the mitre to nonmonastic clergy
For the Pentru [[bishopepiscop]]:
*[[Pectoral cross]]
*[[Sticharion]]: same as for the priest
*[[Sakkos]]: instead of the phelonion, the bishop wears the sakkos, which is a tight-fitting garment with wide sleeves
*[[Epigonation]]/palitsa: all bishops wear this
*[[MiterMitră]]: all bishops wear this; the episcopal miter is topped by a cross, unlike the priestly mitreca o coroană pe care o poartă episcopii pe cap în timpul sfintelor slujbe
*[[Panagia (vestment)|Panagia]]/[[Engolpion]] - medallion usually depiction the Theotokos (Blessed Virgin Mary) holding the Christ Child. Some bishops (and all primates of [[autocephaly|autocephalous]] churches) have the dignity of a second panagia.
*[[OmophorionOmofor]]: of all episcopal vestments, this is considered to be the most important; the omophorion is a wide band of cloth worn about the shoulders*[[MantiyaMantie]]: sleeveless cape that fastens at the neck and the feet, worn by the bishop when he formally enters the church before [[Divine Liturgy]].
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