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Golgota (gr. Κρανιου-τοπος (Kraniou Topos); lat. Calvariae Locus; aramaică Gûlgaltâ; sl. паннихида, pannikhída - "locul căpăţânii") este locul unde a fost crucificat Iisus, situat în afara zidurilor vechiului Ierusalim. Uneori "Golgota" este şi numele unei repreyentări iconice a crucificării Mântuitorului.
The possible source of the word Golgotha has been attributed variously. The name "Golgotha" could have been adopted since, historically, this place may have originally been a place of public executions where the skulls of the executed could be seen or, perhaps the name may have been derived from a neighboring cemetery, or it may have been connected with the shape of the ground, a hill which may have resembled a skull. According to tradition, Golgotha was the burial place of Adam's skull  and a shrine exists at this site. The location was identified in 326 AD by Empress Helen, the mother of Constantine the Great. It was on the northwest side of the ancient city.
The Church of the Holy Sepulchre is built around the ground venerated by Orthodox and non-Orthodox Christians as "Golgotha" (known in the West as the Hill of Calvary) which the New Testament records Jesus Christ was crucified Format:Citation.
In Orthodox Churches, a Golgotha is a large iconic representation depicting the crucified Jesus often with the Theotokos (Mother of God) and John the Beloved Disciple standing to either side of him. During the year, the icon is placed off to one side in the front of the nave of the church where Pannikhidas will be chanted.
- Rev. Dr. Nicon D. Patrinacos (M.A., D.Phil. (Oxon)). A Dictionary of Greek Orthodoxy - Λεξικον Ελληνικης Ορθοδοξιας. Light & Life Publishing, Minnesota, 1984. pp.181
A se vedea şi
- Rev. Dr. Nicon D. Patrinacos (M.A., D.Phil. (Oxon)). A Dictionary of Greek Orthodoxy - Λεξικον Ελληνικης Ορθοδοξιας. Light & Life Publishing, Minnesota, 1984.