Careia (Muntele Athos): Diferență între versiuni

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*[  Town of Karyes]
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Versiunea de la data 4 ianuarie 2011 22:09

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Careia este ”capitala” sau centrul administrativ al republicii monastice autonome a Muntelui Athos. Localitatea, formată în principal din casele\conacele mănăstilor, chilii (kelia) și clădiri administrtive este situată în centrul peninsulei athonite, la circa 370 metri altidunine.

La Careia este instalat ”guvernul” Muntelui Athos, Chinotita (sau ”Sfânta Comunitate a Muntelui Athos”, formată din douăzeci de membri călugări, fiecare reprezentând una din cele 20 de mari mănăstiri), ”Sfânta Epistasie” (Epistasia este organul executiv al Chinotitei, și formată din patru monahi din cei 20 care reprezintă mănăstirile, aleși în fiecare an prin rotație), precum și președintele Sfintei Epistasii, numit Protos.

Holy Community

Karyes has been the administrative center for the monastic communities of Athos since the tenth century. The Holy Community consists of twenty members, with one representative from each of the twenty monasteries on the peninsula. The Protos, or spiritual leader of the monasteries, is chosen for life from among the body of abbots of the Athos monasteries. The Holy Community is responsible for administrative matters common to the monasteries. In civil matters the community is subordinate to the foreign office of Greece, represented at Karyes by a civil governor.

Settlement of disputes between the monasteries is accomplished at annual meetings. The monks assemble usually on the feast day of the Dormition of Our Most Holy Lady the Theotokos and Ever-Virgin Mary, August 15, in the Protaton church in Karyes.


The town is located in a forest of walnut and hazel trees adjacent to the Koutloumousiou Monastery in the middle of the Athos peninsula. Traditionally, Karyes is said to have been established originally by Constantine the Great and later destroyed by Julian the Apostate. When Karyes was founded in the tenth century, the settlement consisted mainly of smaller, older monasteries and buildings that were residences for the representatives of the distant monasteries.

The population of the town includes, in addition to the monks, various laymen, all male, who trade in forest products and ecclesiastical objects. In 1981, the population was 235. There are numerous buildings in the town, mainly owned by the twenty monasteries. These buildings are generally small and have two stories. The Skete of St. Andrew, which was founded with the help of the Russian Czars, is near the town.

The most prominent building in the town is the Church of Protaton. The church was built in the early part of the tenth century and is dedicated to the Dormition of the Virgin. The church is used for daily services and official ceremonies of the Holy Community. It is a basilica with three aisles and two narthexes, although the north narthex is a simple portico. The church was repaired late in the thirteenth century during the reign of Emperor Andronik II Palaeologus. A tall rectangular bell-tower was built near the north-east corner of the church in 1534-5 under the direction of Protos Serifim.

A few years into the fourteenth century Manuel Panselinos, of the Macedonian school, painted frescos on the interior of the church. His arrangement was divided into four zones. The lowest zones consists of full length rendering of saints of the Church. The next zone above is a composition of the Dormition of the Virgin. The third zone consists of scenes from the New Testament. The highest zone presents figures of the prophets and ancestors of Christ.

In mid twentieth century the church was restored again, including replacement of the wooden roof with one made of cement and Byzantine styled tiles.


The church contains a library of 117 manuscripts, of which 47 are on parchment. A miraculous icon of the Virgin Mary is kept on the altar. Also kept in the records room is the First Ritual of Mount Athos.

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