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11 octeți adăugați, 28 februarie 2008 21:51
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{{Traducere EN}}
[[Image:Deacon ordination.jpg|thumb|350px|The ordination of a [[deacondiacon]].]]{{spiritualitySpiritualitate}}'''Ordination''' is the [[Holy MysteriesSfintele Taine|sacrament]] (or Holy Mystery) of [[holy orders]]. The Greek words used for ordination are '''''cheirotonia''''' and '''''cheirothesia''''', both of which mean "the laying on of hands." Members of the [[major orders]] of the [[clergycler]]—[[bishopepiscop]], [[priestpreot]], and şi [[deacondiacon]]—are ordained during the [[Divine LiturgySfânta Liturghie]] by the bishop, who is usually assisted by several priests. According to Orthodox teaching, the process of ordination begins with the local [[congregation]]; but the bishop alone, who acts in the name of the universal Church, can complete the action.
Those who are placed into the [[minor orders]] ([[subdeacon]], [[readeranagnost]], and in some traditions, [[cantor]]) are done so by '''''cheirothesia''''', which also means "laying on of hands," but has come to be a technically distinct term from '''''cheirotonia''''', which is used only for the major orders. According to the ''DEC'', ''cheirothesia'' is not regarded as part of the Holy Mystery of ordination (p. 117).
''Cheirotonia'' and ''cheirothesia'' formerly were used almost interchangeably, but came to acquire distinct meanings. Bishops are also referred to as being "consecrated" rather than "ordained," but such a distinction was not present in the early Church (''ODCC'', p. 1189)
In preparation for the tonsuring, the candidate shall have a cassock by the day of the tonsuring. On the eve of his tonsuring, the candidate shall attend Vespers, and, after having a light supper, begin his Eucharistic fast. During that time, he shall interact as little as possible with anyone and spend that time praying and preparing himself for the tonsuring. Married candidates shall refrain from marital relations during this time. He shall have his confession heard either after Vespers or during Orthros on the day of the tonsuring.
==[[Major orders]]==
=== [[Deacon|DiaconateDiacon]] ===
=== [[PriestPreot]]hood ===During the service of ordination to the priesthood, a priest leads the candidate, who then kneels and rests his head on the altar. The bishop puts his stole and right hand over the candidate's head as the candidate receives the [[Holy SpiritDuhul Sfânt]]. The entire congregation witnesses the ordination and proclaims the work of the Holy Spirit by shouting in unison "Axios!" (Greek word meaning 'worthy'). The bishop bestows sacred [[vestmentsveşminte]] on the new priest, who receives [[Eucharist|communion]] and recites a special [[prayer]]. Through ordination, men who have been chosen from within the Church are set apart by the Church for special service to the Church. Much of the time, a candidate for ordination will pursue preparatory studies at a [[seminaries|seminary]].
=== [[Bishop|EpiscopacyEpiscop]] ===Candidates for the episcopacy are consecrated by three bishops (or at the very least two) to be bishops. A bishop's non-liturgical [[vestmentsveşminte]] include the [[kamilavka]] and [[epanokameloukion]] (veil) (which are joined together as the [[klobuk]] in the Russian tradition), along with the [[mantiya]], all of which are [[monahism|monastic]] garments.
==See also==
*[ Sacrament of Ordination]
[[Categorie:Viaţa Bisericii]]
[[Categorie:Sfinte Taine]]
{{Clergy/wide}}[[Categoryen:Church Life]][[Category:Clergy]][[Category:SacramentsOrdination]]
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