→Lista Sinoadelor Ecumenice: traducere
== Lista Sinoadelor Ecumenice ==
* I. [[Sinodul I Ecumenic|Primul Sinod de la Niceea]]
, (325) ; repudiated [[ Arianism]] , adopted the [[ Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed| Nicene Creed]].* II. [[Sinodul II Ecumenic|Primul Sinod de la Constantinopol]] , (381) ; revised the [[ Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed| Nicene Creed]] into the present form used in the [[ Orthodox Church|Eastern]] and [[ Oriental Orthodox]] churches.* III. [[Sinodul III Ecumenic|Sinodul de la Efes]] , (431) ; repudiated [[ Nestorianism]], proclaimed the Virgin Mary as the Mother of God ( Greek, [[Theotokos |Θεοτόκος ]]).* IV. [[Sinodul IV Ecumenic|Sinodul de la Calcedon]] , (451) ; repudiated the [[ Eutychianism|Eutychian]] doctrine of [[ Monophysitism]], described and delineated the two natures of Christ, human and divine; adopted the [[ Chalcedonian Creed]] . This and all following councils are not recognized by [[ Oriental Orthodox|Oriental Orthodox Communion]].* V. [[Sinodul V Ecumenic|Al doilea Sinod de la Constantinopol]] , (553) ; reaffirmed decisions and doctrines explicated by previous Councils, condemned new [[ Arianism| Arian]], [[ Nestorianism| Nestorian]] , and [[ Monophysitism| Monophysite]] writings.* VI. [[Sinodul VI Ecumenic|Al treilea Sinod de la Constantinopol]] , (680-681) ; repudiated [[ Monothelitism]], affirmed that Christ had both human and Divine wills.**[[Sinodul Quinisext|Sinodul Quinisext (al cinci-șaselea)]] ( = Fifth and Sixth) or Council in Trullo, (692) ; mostly an administrative council that raised some local [[canon]] s to ecumenical status and established principles of clerical discipline. It is not considered to be a full-fledged council in its own right because it did not determine matters of doctrine. This council is accepted by the [[ Orthodox Church]] as a part of the [[ Sixth Ecumenical Council]], but that is rejected by [[ Roman Catholic Church| Roman Catholics]].* VII. [[Sinodul VII Ecumenic|Al doilea Sinod de la Niceea]] , (787) ; restoration of the veneration of [[ icons]] and end of the first [[iconoclasm]].
* VIII. [[
Eighth Ecumenical Council| Fourth Council of Constantinople]] , (879-880) ; restored St. [[ Photius the Great]] to his see in Constantinople and anathematized any who altered the [[ Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed]], abrogating the decrees of the [[ Robber Council of 869-870]]. This council was at first accepted as ecumenical by the West but later repudiated in favor of the robber council in 869-870 which had deposed Photius.* IX. [[ Ninth Ecumenical Council| Fifth Council of Constantinople]] , (1341-1351) ; affirmed [[ hesychasm| hesychastic]] theology according to St. [[ Gregory Palamas]] and condemned the Westernized philosopher [[ Barlaam of Calabria]].