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Nicolae I al Romei

164 de octeți adăugați, 10 aprilie 2019 15:09
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'''Nicolae I al Romei''', numit și '''Nicolae cel Mare''', a fost [[episcop]] al Romei („[[Papă]]”) între anii 858-867. Afirmația sa că papa Romei are autoritate suzerană asupra tuturor creștinilor în chestiuni de credință și morală a adus o puternică opoziție din partea Bisericilor Răsăritene. Sprijinul său față de [[Ignatie al Constantinopolului|Patriarhul Ignatie]], care fusese înlăturat din funcție în favoarea [[Fotie cel Mare|Patriarhului Fotie I cel Mare]] a înrăutățit serios relațiile dintre Roma și [[Biserica Ortodoxă a Constantinopolului|Constantinopol]].
Pope '''Nicholas I of Rome''', also '''Nicholas the Great''', was the [[Pope]] of the [[Church of Rome]] from 858 to 867. His assertions that the pope of Rome has suzerain authority over all Christians in matters of faith and morals brought strong opposition from the Eastern Church. His support of Patriarch [[Ignatius of Constantinople|Ignatius]], who had been removed from office in favor of Patr. Photius seriously strained relations between Rome and Constantinople. ==LifeViața==
Nicholas was born about the year 800, the son of the Defensor Theodore. Having received education at the Lateran, Nicholas entered the service of the church at an early age. He was made a [[subdeacon]] by [[Sergius II of Rome|Pope Sergius II]] and [[ordination|ordained]] a [[deacon]] by [[Leo IV of Rome|Leo IV]]. After the death of Pope [[Benedict III of Rome|Benedict III]] on [[April 7]], 858, Nicholas was elected pope on [[April 24]] while Holy Roman Emperor Louis II was present in Rome and exerted his influence upon the election. The emperor was also present for Nicholas' [[consecration]] and [[enthronement]] in St. Peter's [[Basilica]].
Pope Nicholas died on [[November 13]], 867.
 
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{{successionsuccesiune|beforeînainte=[[Benedict al III-lea al Romei|Benedict al III-lea]]|titletitlu=[[List of Popes of RomeListă a episcopilor Romei|Pope of RomePapă al Romei]]|yearsani=858 - 867|afterdupă=[[Adrian al II of Rome-lea al Romei|Adrian al II-lea]]}}{{end box}}
==SourcesSurse==
*[http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11054a.htm Catholic Encyclopedia: Pope St. Nicholas I]
*[[Wikipedia: Pope_Nicholas_I]]
*[http://www.cfpeople.org/Books/Pope/POPEp106.htm St. Nicholas I, the Great]
==External linksLegături externe==
*[http://www.orthodoxchristianity.net/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&catid=14:articles&id=22:which-councils-are-ecumenical Francis Dvornik: Which Councils are Ecumenical?]
[[Category: BishopsEpiscopi]][[Category: Popes of Rome]][[Category:9th-century bishopsPapi ai Romei]]
[[en:Nicholas I of Rome]]
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