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Pagină nouă: '''Ecumenismul''' este în principal dialogul dintre diferitele Biserici și entități creștine, în dorința de a reface unitatea dintre creștini prin respect reciproc, toleranț...
'''Ecumenismul''' este în principal dialogul dintre diferitele Biserici și entități creștine, în dorința de a reface unitatea dintre creștini prin respect reciproc, toleranță, cooperare și dialog.

Orthodox Christians were engaged in the foundation of the ecumenical movement from its inception. The primary basis for the Orthodox role in the ecumenical movement was a statement issued by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople in 1920 entitled "Unto All the Churches of Christ Wheresoever They Be." A number of Orthodox churches were present at the initial founding conference of the World Council of Churches, and most have continued to participate in the life of the WCC, as well as in national and regional councils of churches.

Some Orthodox Christians have criticized participation in the ecumenical movement. They believe that ecumenical witness represents a concession to the "Branch Theory," which suggests that the various divisions in Christianity all represent branches of the same Church just as the branches of a tree are all integrally part of the same living tree. Under such a model, Orthodoxy would be defined not as exclusively the [[One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church|one, holy, catholic, and apostolic Church]], but rather as a relatively small segment of the Church: one denomination among many. (However, this understanding of ecumenism is not supported by the agreements which define ecumenical structure, most notably the [[Toronto Declaration]].)

In the Twentieth Century particularly, some ecumenical activities have drawn sharp criticism from various voices within the Orthodox Church, particularly participation in the World Council of Churches and, in the United States, the National Council of Churches of Christ in the USA.

One of the more controversial documents drawn up in recent years pertaining to ecumenism is the [[Balamand Statement]], an unofficial joint document of recommendation on [[Uniates|Uniatism]] signed by representatives of the [[Orthodox Church]] and the [[Roman Catholic Church]] in 1993.

Recently, many of the Orthodox Churches in the United States, including the [[Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America]], the [[Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America]], and the [[Orthodox Church in America]] have joined a new ecumenical organization called [[Christian Churches Together]]. CCT is intended to represent a broader coalition of Christian communions, including Roman Catholics and Evangelicals (who do not participate as full members in either the WCC or NCCCUSA.)

==See also==
* [[North American Orthodox-Catholic Theological Consultation]]

==External links==
* [ Ecumenical Guidelines for SCOBA]
* [ Baptism and "sacramental economy": An agreed statement of the North American Orthodox-Catholic Theological Consultation] - Saint Vladimir's Orthodox Seminary, Crestwood, New York - June 3, 1999
* [ Orthodox Information Center: Ecumenism Awareness]
* [ Ecumenism: Origins - Expectations - Disenchantment], September 2004 Conference on Ecumenism, held at Aristotle University, Thessaloniki, Greece
** [ Conclusions of the Conference on Ecumenism]
** [ The Church of Serbia vis-à-vis Ecumenism], by Bishop Artemije of Raska and Prizren
** [ Contours of Conversion and the Ecumenical Movement], by Hieromonk Alexis (Trader) of Karakallou
** [ The Consequences of Orthodox Participation in the Ecumenical Movement on the Orthodox Witness to the Heterodox West], by Fr. John Reeves
** [ The Mystery of Baptism and the Unity of the Church], by Fr. Peter A. Heers
* [ The Missionary Origins of Modern Ecumenism] by Fr. Peter A. Heers
* [ Orthodox Christianity and The "Branch Theory"]. OCA - Q & A.

* [ In Communion: Orthodoxy & Ecumenism]
* [ In Communion: Ecumenical Movement], resources on the Orthodox Church and the Ecumenical Movement
* [ Orthodox Information Center: Ecumenism Awareness]
* [ OCA Q&A: Ecumenism and Church Leaders]
* [ Report of the Orthodox Pre-Assembly Meeting (WCC), Rhodes, January 10-17, 2005]

===Ecumenical organizations===
*[ World Council of Churches]
*[ National Council of Churches]
*[ Christian Churches Together]
*[ Church World Service]

[[Category:Church Life]]

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